|4C for Children - the pioneering leader, advocate and resource
for high-quality early education and care
in Southwest Ohio, the Miami Valley and Northern Kentucky.
Legal Requirements Governing Child Care
Child Care Centers: A Type I child care center is a facility that is licensed to care for twelve or more children. Licensed child care centers must meet standards set by the Cabinet for Health and Family Services, Division of Regulated Child Care. Regulations include: 15 hours of training annually for all staff, a fire inspection, a liability insurance requirement, and compliance with building codes, child/adult ratios, and program requirements. Facilities undergo at least one annual unannounced re-licensure survey visit by state licensing specialists. The child/adult ratios are as follows:
Family Child Care: A family child care provider cares for a small number of children in his or her home. The following terms are used to describe family child care homes in Kentucky. These definitions explain the three different family child care options available:
To request a complaint history or for more information, contact
Division of Regulated Child Care
CHILDREN AND PARENT RIGHTS PURSUANT TO KRS 199.898
All children receiving child-care services in a day-care center licensed pursuant to KRS 199.896, a family child-care home certified pursuant to KRS 199.8982, or from a provider or program receiving public funds shall have the following rights:
Parents, custodians or guardians of children specified in subsection (1) of this section shall have the following rights:
The child-care provider who is licensed pursuant to KRS 199.896 or certified pursuant to KRS 199.8982 shall post these rights in a prominent place and shall provide a copy of these rights to the parent, custodian or guardian of the child at the time of the child’s enrollment in the program.
Legal Requirements Governing Child Care
In Ohio, two state agencies regulate early care and education programs. The Department of Job and Family Services (ODFJS) regulates group child care for children in centers, school age programs and camps. The Department of Education (ODE) licenses child care programs operated by public and private chartered schools. The City of Cincinnati has an additional license required of all non-school based child care centers located in the city.
Not all forms of child care must be licensed. Type B, family child care homes are exempt from licensing. These providers are allowed to care for 6 or fewer children at one time, including the provider's own children under age 6. And, of the six or less children, no more than three children can be under age 2. Other examples of exempted programs include those that operate only two weeks or less a year, enrichment programs in specific subject such as drama or dance, or programs where a parent remains on the premises while care is provided, such as a health club. Places of the parent’s employment are not exempt.
Ohio's child care regulations cover children’s basic health, safety and development in the areas of staffing, equipment, records, and program policies. Trained staff inspect centers before a license is issued and twice a year thereafter. Staff also investigate complaints. Child care centers are required to post their license and copies of inspection reports in a conspicuous place.
Types of Regulated Child Care in Ohio
Staff to Child Ratios and Group Sizes for Centers
*National Association for the Education of Young Children
Licensing Contact Information (file a complaint)
Ohio Dept. of Job and Family Services Licensing
To request or review a complaint history
Ohio Dept. of Job and Family Services
4C for Children serves 40 counties in Ohio and Kentucky, helps parents find quality child care, educates and supports early childhood educators and caregivers, recruits family child care providers, and advocates for young children and their families.